KAPA HiFi Uracil+ Kit

Overview

KAPA HiFi Uracil+ DNA Polymerase is a modified version of KAPA HiFi DNA Polymerase that is engineered to tolerate uracil residues in bisulfite-treated DNA. Bisulfite treatment of DNA results in the conversion of unmethylated cytosine residues into uracil, while the methylated residues are left unmodified. Enzymes used for library amplification in bisulfite-sequencing workflows must be able to read through uracil residues and tolerate low concentrations of AT-rich DNA. Traditional high-fidelity DNA polymerases are typically not suitable for this type of application as the enzymes stall when a uracil is encountered. KAPA HiFi Uracil+ DNA Polymerase has been developed to read through uracil residues while still retaining the performance benefits of HiFi DNA Polymerase, such as high yields, low-bias, and uniform sequencing coverage.

Benefits of KAPA HiFi Uracil+ Kit

  •  Higher yields and reduced size bias for templates containing  uracil compared to other methods
  •  More uniform bisulfite-sequencing coverage and improved  representation of AT-rich sequences compared to competitor kits

Product Highlights

Amplification of uracil-containing template

  • Effective amplification through uracil residues

High yields of low-bias bisulfite-converted library generation

  • Reduced cycles and lower PCR duplicates through high-efficiency amplification
  •  Improved representation of all library fragments and sequence regions due to low amplification bias

Improved representation of AT-rich sequences

  • Greater tolerance to AT-rich regions
  • Improved bisulfite-sequencing read quality

Store kits for 12 months at -20°C.

KAPA HiFi HotStart Uracil+ ReadyMix (2X) contains DNA Polymerase, reaction buffer, dNTPs and MgCl2 (at a final concentration of 2.5 mM).

Specifications
Spec
Description
Starting Material
DNA, cDNA, plasmid DNA, bisulfite-treated DNA
Input Amount
1 - 100 ng for genomic DNA; 10 pg - 1 ng for less-complex DNA

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KAPA HiFi HotStart Uracil+ ReadyMix (2X) contains DNA Polymerase, reaction buffer, dNTPs and MgCl2 (at a final concentration of 2.5 mM)

Kit Code
Roche Cat.No Description Kit Size
How to buy
KK2802
07959079001 250 x 50 µL reactions 6.25 mL
Buy on Roche
KK2801
07959052001
50 x 50 µL reactions
1.25 mL Buy on Roche
  • Methylation analysis, amplification of bisulfite-converted DNA for sequencing
  • Amplification of damaged DNA samples
  • Prevention of false-positive results due to carryover amplicon contamination

The uracil-binding pocket of KAPA HiFi DNA Polymerase has been inactivated, enabling amplification of uracil containing DNA, thus creating KAPA HiFi Uracil+ DNA Polymerase. KAPA HiFi Uracil+ DNA Polymerase exhibits the same high yield, low GC bias and coverage uniformity as the unmodified enzyme.

  • Reaction set-up
    • Amount of starting template: Use 1 – 100 ng for genomic DNA and 10 pg – 1 ng for less complex DNA.
    • Quality of template: While KAPA HiFi HotStart Uracil+ ReadyMix tolerates uracil, deamination of dCMP to dUMP in the DNA template will generate G/C to A/T mutations during amplification. Always dilute and store DNA in a buffered solution (e.g. TE or Tris-HCl, pH 8.0–8.5) instead to PCR-grade water, and minimize freeze-thaw cycles to limit degradation and maintain quality.
    • Primer concentration: Use 0.3 mM of each primer. Lower primer concentrations are likely to result in low yields or smearing. Higher primer concentrations will increase primer-dimer formation and non-specific amplification.
    • dUTP and UDG concentrations: If your application requires prevention of carryover contamination, refer to the manufacturer’s recommendations for dUTP and UDG concentrations.
  • Cycling parameters
    • Initial denaturation: An initial denaturation time of 2–5 minutes at 95°C is recommended to ensure full denaturation. Use 5 minutes for complex, genomic DNA and/or GC-rich targets and at least 45 seconds for less complex templates.
    • Denaturation time during cycling: To ensure adequate template denaturation, always denature for 20 seconds at 98°C in each PCR cycle. For templates with abundant priming sites, such as purified vector DNA or NGS libraries, shorter denaturation times of 15 seconds can be used.
    • Extension time: For amplicons ≤1 kb, use 15 seconds per cycle. For long targets or to improve yields, use 30–60 sec/kb per cycle.
    • Annealing temperature: The optimal annealing temperature for a specific primer pair is likely to be higher than when used in a conventional PCR buffer. Start with an annealing temperature of 60°C . If non-specific products are obtained, determine the optimal annealing temperature in an annealing temperature gradient PCR (60–75°C). A 2-step protocol with a combined annealing/extension step at 68–75°C may be used for 30 sec/kb.
    • Cycle number: ≤25 cycles are recommended for most high fidelity applications. Reactions with low template concentrations may require 30–35 cycles.
    • UDG initial incubation and deactivation: If your application requires prevention of carryover contamination, refer to the recommendations for UDG initial incubation and deactivation.
  • 3-step cycling profile (for optimal Ta in the range of 60–70°C ):
    • Initial denaturation: 2–5 minutes at 95°C
    • Denaturation: 20 seconds at 98°C
    • Annealing: 15 seconds at optimal Ta (60–70°C )
    • Extension: 30-60 sec/kb at 72°C
    • Final extension: 1 minutes at 72°C
    • Number of cycles: 15–40
  • 2-step cycling profile (for optimal Ta in the range of 68–75°C ):
    • Initial denaturation: 2–5 minutes at 95°C
    • Denaturation: 20 seconds at 98°C
    • Annealing/extension: 30 sec/kb at optimal Ta (68–75°C )
    • Final extension: 1 minutes at 72°C
    • Number of cycles: 15–40

The recommended extension rate is 15 seconds for targets ≤1 kb and 30–60 sec/kb for long targets, or to improve yields.

The optimal annealing temperature for a specific primer pair is likely to be higher than when used in a conventional PCR buffer. An annealing temperature of 60°C is recommended as a starting point. Two-step cycling protocols, with a combined annealing/extension temperature in the range of 68°C–75°C and a combined annealing/extension time of 30 sec/kb may also be used.

KAPA HiFi HotStart Uracil+ ReadyMix contains Mg2+ at a 1X concentration of 2.5 mM, which is optimal for most applications. Reactions may be supplemented with any PCR-grade MgCl2 solution. Add 0.5 µL of a 25 mM MgCl2 solution to increase the final concentration in a 50 µL reaction by 0.25 mM. It may be necessary to test a range of concentrations to determine the optimal conditions for your specific PCR.

A proprietary antibody inactivates the polymerase until the first cycle of thermal denaturation. This minimizes spurious amplification products that may result from non-specific priming events during reaction setup and initiation and increases overall reaction efficiency.

The recommended temperature for long-term storage of KAPA HiFi HotStart Uracil+ ReadyMix is -20°C . However, these kit components or PCR master mixes prepared from them may be stored at 4°C for short-term usage (up to one month).

KAPA HiFi HotStart Uracil+ ReadyMix is especially well suited for NGS applications, providing reduced amplification bias and increased amplification efficiency of bisulfite-converted libraries. Library amplification with KAPA HiFi HotStart Uracil+ provides dramatic improvements in coverage depth uniformity and more representation across reference sequences.

Cytosine deamination occurs spontaneously over long periods of time, and more rapidly at elevated temperatures, and results in the accumulation of uracil in DNA and among free nucleotides. When other proofreading enzymes fail, KAPA HiFi Uracil+ DNA Polymerase may allow high-fidelity amplification from damaged DNA templates containing uracil.

KAPA HiFi Uracil+ DNA Polymerase readily incorporates dUTP during amplification, and can therefore be used in conjunction with uracil-DNA-glycosylase (UDG) to prevent carryover contamination. dUTP is added to PCRs so that amplicons that may contaminate subsequent reactions are removed by digestion with UDG prior to amplification.

It is important to optimize the cycle number for your specific samples and protocol; 8–14 cycles of PCR are usually required for sufficient amplification of bisulfite-converted NGS libraries. As with all NGS applications, optimal library amplification should provide sufficient material for sample validation (QC) and sequencing, while avoiding excessive amplification which may result in undesirable artifacts such as PCR duplicates, amplification bias, reduced library complexity, and PCR errors.